All well-designed buildings, whether residential or commercial, should include an efficient fire suppression system. Planning for a fire suppression system during the design stage can save you from a lot of hassle later. It is cheaper to include a fire suppression system during the design phase instead of retrofitting it.
What Does a Fire Suppression System Do?
Fire suppression systems should be designed for your building’s specific requirements. Among the various features, such systems should include is helping to extinguish, reduce and prevent flames and smoke from spreading, as well as removing them from inside the building. They usually work best when combined with other safety measures, including smoke detectors, emergency lighting, and building evacuation plans.
A fire suppression system consists of both active and passive components. Active systems include sprinklers and ventilation systems, while passive systems are materials like fireproof walls or curtains to stop smoke from spreading. Fire system planning should also take into consideration how the building will be used as well as the layout and expected number of occupants.
Expert security companies like Caveman Security can guide you regarding fire system installation in Roseburg or other locations across Oregon.
Regulatory Requirements for Fire Suppression Systems
Building requirements for fire suppression systems vary from state to state, but they generally have at least three things in common: sprinklers, fire detection systems, and lights.
Many other elements can also help protect the building in case of fire, such as water mist or dry pipe valves to contain a small blaze before it gets out of control.
In addition to the space size, location, and occupancy, the design of the pump room should be a primary consideration when designing an active component. It is important to allocate ample space for it during the initial stages, so you don’t have to worry about making room later.
A building’s fire safety plan is a crucial part of any design. Many codes require that each area have its suppression system separated from adjacent areas with flame-retardant materials. By adding these barriers during the design phase, you can easily include them even on open floor plans.
Furthermore, it is also crucial for all occupants to know where they should go when evacuating the building during an emergency. Designating different colors for various exits throughout the property helps make this clearer.
By obtaining building codes and designing your construction with the understanding of fire safety, you’ll be able to design a fire-safe structure.
When is a Fire Suppression System Needed?
When designing a building, you should try your best to include a fire suppression system in every part of the structure; in fact, it should blend seamlessly into the design.
There are specific requirements for active fire suppression systems such as smoke detectors and sprinkler pipes; for example, sprinkler heads should be at a maximum of 15 feet apart and each should cover 150 – 200 sq ft. Passive fire systems are a bit more challenging to design because the best course of action is dependent on the environment. Wall materials will typically depend on one room or multiple rooms, corridors, etc., but openings for doors, stairwells, atriums, and elevators require different approaches.
Passive and active smoke mitigation systems are commonly used in atriums, where they provide a level of security by shielding these spaces from damage caused by fires.
Electronic access control & smart HVAC system connectivity are also key components. Certain entry/exit door behavior can be programmed in the event of smoke/flames as well as adjusting flow through affected ductwork. All with the goal of containing the potential blaze long enough for first responders to arrive.
For areas like open floor plans, closed stairwells, and elevators, including smoke curtains in the design can be a discreet way of protecting these places. Smoke curtains deploy from the header above openings when needed, so they act as barriers but don’t impact the aesthetics of buildings.
While it is an excellent start to understand the different aspects of installing a fire suppression system, you should hire an experienced professional contractor for reliable results. Caveman Security provides expert fire suppression systems installation in Roseburg and other parts of Oregon.